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South Africa Travel Guide

South Africa Passports and Visas
 
 
 
Flag of South Africa.svg                                  
    
 
South Africa Visa, Passport & Entry Requirements 
country
passport required
visa required
return ticket required
Brittish
yes
no
yes
Australian
yes
no
yes
Canadian
yes
no
yes
USA
yes
no
yes
other EU
yes
no
yes
 
Passport / Travel Document Holders Who Are Exempt From Visas For South Africa
Subject To Change Without Notice
 

The citizen who is a holder of a national passport (diplomatic, official and ordinary) / travel document of the foreign countries / territories / international organisations listed below are not required to hold a visa when reporting to an immigration officer for an examination at a South African port of entry, subject to the terms and conditions set out in this list, including inter alia the intended period of stay in the Republic.

1. The holder of a national South African passport, travel document and document for travel purposes.

2. The citizen who is a holder of a national passport (diplomatic, official or ordinary) / travel document of the following countries / territories / international organisations is not required to hold a visa in respect of purposes for which a visitors permit may be issued or by virtue of being a person contemplated in section 31(3)(b) [diplomatic & official visit] for an intended stay of 90 days or less and when in transit:

African Union Laissez Passer Finland Monaco
Andorra France Netherlands
Argentina Germany New Zealand 
Australia Greece Norway
Austria Iceland Paraguay
Belgium Israel Portugal
Botswana Italy San Marino
Brazil Jamaica Singapore
Canada Japan Spain
Chile Liechtenstein St Vincent & the Grenadines
Czech Republic Luxemburg Sweden
Denmark Malta Switzerland
Ecuador    

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, British Islands Bailiwick of Guernsey and Jersey, Isle of Man and Virgin Islands, Republic of Ireland, and British Overseas Territories

Note that a national of the following countries do require a visa: British Dependent Territories, including Anguilla, Bermuda, British Antarctic Territory, British Indian Ocean Territory, Cayman Islands, Falkland Islands, Gibraltar, Montserrat, Pitcairn, Henderson, St Helena, Ducie and Oeno Islands, the Sovereign Base Area of Akrotiri and Dhekelia and the Turks and Caicos Island.
 
 

Uruguay
Venezuela
United States of America


3. The citizen who is a holder of a national passport (diplomatic, official and ordinary) / travel document of the following countries / territories / international organisations is not required to hold a visa in respect of purposes for which a visitors permit may be issued or by virtue of being a person contemplated in section 31(3)(b) [diplomatic & official visit] for an intended stay of 30 days or less and when in transit:
 

Antigua and Barbuda
Barbados
Belize
Benin
Bolivia
Cape Verde
Costa Rica
Cyprus 
Gabon
Guyana

Hong Kong [only with regard to holders of Hong Kong British National Overseas passports and Hong Kong Special Administrative Region passports]

Hungary
Jordan
Lesotho
Macau [only with regard to holders of Macau Special Administrative Region passports (MSAR)]
Malaysia
Malawi
Maldives
Mauritius
Mozambique
Namibia
Peru
Poland
Seychelles

Slovak Republic 
South Korea
Swaziland
Thailand
Turkey
Zambia
Zimbabwe [only in respect of government officials, including police on cross border investigations]

4. Agreements have also been concluded with the following countries for holders of diplomatic and official passport holders.

Citizens who are holders of diplomatic, official and service passports of the following countries do not require visas in respect of purposes for which a visitor's permit may be issued or by virtue of being a person contemplated in section 31(3)(b) [diplomatic & official visit] for the period indicated and transit:

30 Days 90 Days 120 Days
Algeria Angola Albania
Egypt Belarus Hungary
Ivory Coast Bulgaria Paraguay
Kenya Cyprus Slovenia

 

Madagascar Comoros  
Morocco Croatia  

 

Rwanda Guinea  

 

  Mexico  

 

  Mozambique  

 

  Poland  

 

  Romania  

 

  Slovak  

 

  Tanzania  

 

  Thailand  

 

  Tunisia  
  Vietnam  

 

   
6. Notwithstanding this Schedule, a foreigner whose visa exemption has been withdrawn shall comply with the visa requirements until notified by the Department that his or her visa exemption has been re-instated by the Department on petition or of its own accord.

7. Visas are not required by passport holders of Lesotho, Swaziland, Botswana, Namibia, Zambia and Malawi who are entering the Republic as commercial heavy-duty vehicle drivers provide their visits do not exceed 15 days and on condition that they can produce a letter confirming their employment with a transport company on entry.

8. Staff members of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) who travel on SADC laissez-passers are exempt from visa requirements for bona fide official business visits up to 90 days and transit.

9. Holders of United Nations (UN) laissez-passers are exempt from visa requirements when visiting the Republic for periods not exceeding 90 days for purposes for which a visitor�s permit may be issued, and for official business purposes and transits and when accredited for placement at a UN mission in the Republic for the duration of their accreditation. Volunteers attached to UN agencies and travelling on ordinary passports are exempt from visa requirements, provided they are in possession of the relevant letters or identification documents to identify themselves at ports of entry as personnel of an UN agency
.


Kruger Park, South Africa Travel Health and Safety
 
 
   

 

Travel Health and Safety - South Africa & Kruger Park

For up to date advice we recommend that you consult your doctor or local vaccination centre. The following are tips to staying healthy on the road.

Drink plenty of water
If you are not used to a hot environment it is easy to become dehydrated so always carry a bottle of water with you.

Use a good mosquito spray
Make sure the mosquito spray you have with you is high in DEET. It is important to cover up and to apply the spray regularly in the evenings every 1-2 hours for full protection, even if it says 'lasts up to 4 hours' on the bottle. Wrist and ankle bands soaked in DEET may provide additional protection if you are susceptible to bites.

Carry a small first aid pack
Plasters, bandages and antiseptic spray and wipes are great for any bumps and bruises you may pick up along the way.

Get the right vaccinations
Make sure you consult your doctor or travel clinic at least 6 weeks before you travel to check which vaccinations you might need.

Malaria
Malaria is the most common serious ailment affecting both residents and visitors to many parts of Africa. Seek professional medical advice as to if you need them and which tablets are most suitable for you. The tablets will probably offer good protection but you must also remember to use a good mosquito spray to avoid being bitten by mosquitoes.
Your rooms or tents may have mosquito nets or gauze net protection on the windows, so it is not generally not necessary to bring a separate mosquito net unless you plan to sleep outside 'under the stars' (in which case you are recommended to bring one).
 
Safety
Most governments offer travel advisory services on current safety issues and warnings.
U.K. citizens see www.fco.gov.uk
Australia citizens see www.smartraveller.gov.au
N.Z. citizens see www.safetravel.govt.nz
U.S. citizens see www.travel.state.gov

Insurance
It is vital that you are insured for your travels so as to cover you should you become ill, injured or lose belongings while you are away.
It is vital you bring your insurance certificate and policy booklet on tour .Please ensure you have cover for the full period of travel and that this is shown on the certificate.


What to Pack for your Safari
 
 
  

 

What to Pack for your Safari

Remember to make sure this is packed!
  • Travel Documents & Money
    • - Travel Voucher Pre tour Accommodation Vouchers
    • - Passport
    • - Insurance details
    • - Emergency Contact details
    • - Spending Money
    • - Credit card
  • Day pack or small bag
  • Diary
  • Guide book(s)
  • Camera, charger, memory sticks
Clothing
Most people make the mistake of bringing too much! Clothes should be easy to launder and reasonably hard wearing. Avoid nylon and other synthetics which can be uncomfortable in the hot weather. Africa, however, can also be much colder than you may think, especially at night. Bring warm clothes and a jacket. Morning game drives in open vehicles can be pretty chilly until the sun rises. This applies particularly if travelling in southern Africa in the southern winter months (Jun - Aug)  
 

Suggested clothing list:

  • Hat, cap, beanie
  • Sunglasses and case
  • Fleece
  • Quick dry t-shirts and sweatshirts
  • Warm & waterproof lightweight jacket
  • Shorts
  • Long pants/trousers
  • Warm socks
  • Skirt
  • Sarong - doubles as skirt, beach towel,
  • Swimsuit
  • Trainers/ pumps or sturdy boot with ankle support for hiking
  • Flip flops/ thongs/  or sandals
 
Toiletries

western brands may be available.
Suggested list:

  • Toilet bag
  • Hand sanitizer
  • Razors
  • Shampoo
  • Soap
  • Wet wipes
  • Toothbrush and paste
  • Sunscreen lotion
  •  
  •  
  • Moisturiser or after sun

South Africa Travel Documents and Money
 
 
 

 

 

South Africa Travel Documents and Money / Currency

Passports
Make sure you are in possession of a full valid passport. This must be valid for a minimum of six months beyond the date of your EXIT from Africa.  
 
Travel and accommodation vouchers
After you have paid your final balance we will send you your vouchers. Your Travel Voucher should be handed to your guide on arrival as proof of your place on the tour. It will be sent to you by Tydon African Safaris or by your booking agent and will be sent by email or post. If you have booked any pre-tour or post-tour accommodation through us we will also send you Accommodation Vouchers. If you have not received your necessary vouchers within two weeks of departure please contact us immediately.  
 
Airport transfer details

It is your responsibility to ensure that we have your correct flight arrival details. Please let us know your time of arrival and flight number as soon as you know them. If you do not think you have given us your flight details or your flight details have changed please contact us. 

 
Vaccination certificate
If you have a vaccination booklet, we suggest you bring it as proof of immunisation should any problems occur. The certificates are seldom re-issued so keep it in a safe place
  
Money
You will require money on your tour for the following things:
  • Personal Items
     
  • Optional Activities
     
  • Spending Money
     
  • ATMs - ATMs are prevalent and reliable in Southern Africa.
     
  • Credit Cards - MasterCard and Visa can be used in most places, particularly South Africa and Namibia. Balloon or helicopter rides also can be paid for with a credit card.
     
  • Travellers Cheques - Travellers Cheques are the most secure way of carrying money as they can be replaced if lost or stolen. They are ideal for emergency funds or keeping funds 'dormant' if you're on a longer journey. Ensure your traveller’s cheques are a well known brand - Thomas Cook, American Express or Visa - as these are the most widely accepted. You must also carry your proof of purchase receipt - many banks in Africa may not cash your cheques if you cannot provide the receipt on demand. Please note that a commission may be charged (which may be up to 10%) when cashing travellers cheques even with well known brands. Australian, Canadian and New Zealand Dollars cash/ travellers cheques are not widely accepted.


South Africa Climate and Weather
 
 
 

 

South Africa Climate and Weather

South African Weather and Climate

South Africa's climatic conditions generally range from Mediterranean in the south western corner of South Africa to temperate in the interior plateau, and subtropical in the northeast. A small area in the northwest has a desert climate. Most of the country has warm, sunny days and cool nights. Rainfall generally occurs during summer (November through March), although in the southwest, around Cape Town, rainfall occurs in winter (June to August). Temperatures are influenced by variations in elevation, terrain, and ocean currents more than latitude.

Temperature and rainfall patterns vary in response to the movement of a high pressure belt that circles the globe between 25º and 30º south latitude during the winter and low-pressure systems that occur during summer. There is very little difference in average temperatures from south to north, however, in part because the inland plateau rises slightly in the northeast. For example, the average annual temperature in Cape Town is 17ºC, and in Pretoria, 17.5ºC, although these cities are separated by almost ten degrees of latitude. Maximum temperatures often exceed 32ºC in the summer, and reach 38ºC in some areas of the far north. The country's highest recorded temperatures, close to 48ºC, have occurred in both the Northern Cape and Mpumalanga.

Frost occurs in high altitudes during the winter months. The coldest temperatures have been recorded about 250 kilometers northeast of Cape Town, where the average annual minimum temperature is -6.1º C. Record snowfalls (almost fifty centimeters) occurred in July 1994 in mountainous areas bordering Lesotho.

Climatic conditions vary noticeably between east and west, largely in response to the warm Agulhas ocean current, which sweeps southward along the Indian Ocean coastline in the east for several months of the year, and the cold Benguela current, which sweeps northward along the Atlantic Ocean coastline in the west. Air temperatures in Durban, on the Indian Ocean, average nearly 6º C warmer than temperatures at the same latitude on the Atlantic Ocean coast. The effects of these two currents can be seen even at the narrow peninsula of the Cape of Good Hope, where water temperatures average 4º C higher on the east side than on the west.

Rainfall varies considerably from west to east. In the northwest, annual rainfall often remains below 200 millimeters. Much of the eastern Highveld, in contrast, receives 500 millimeters to 900 millimeters of rainfall per year; occasionally, rainfall there exceeds 2,000 millimeters. A large area of the center of the country receives about 400 millimeters of rain, on average, and there are wide variations closer to the coast. The 400-millimeter "rainfall line" has been significant because land east of the rainfall line is generally suitable for growing crops, and land west of the rainfall line, only for livestock grazing or crop cultivation on irrigated land.

 
Gauteng Weather and Climate
Gauteng Climate:
Gauteng is said to offer one of the world’s best climates: summer days are warm and wind free and winter days are crisp and clear. Johannesburg and Pretoria differ in temperature by about 2% (Pretoria being the warmer of the two).

Johannesburg Weather:
Johannesburg has a delightfully mild climate, neither humid nor too hot. There are about six weeks of chill in mid-winter (from July to August) and summer offers warm sunshine followed by balmy nights (October to March). The seasons are flexible, one running into the next, and summer habitually spills over into spring and autumn. The nights can be chilly particularly in winter. Bring a jacket to wear in the evenings. The rainy season is in summer rather than winter. Rainstorms are often harsh accompanied by much thunder and lightning and occasional hail, but they are brief and followed by warm sunshine.


Pretoria Weather:
Pretoria's climate is similar to that of Johannesburg, but it lies at a somewhat lower altitude than its neighbour and its air temperatures are, on average, about two degrees higher. This is a summer-rainfall region. Between November and February summer thunderstorms produce flashes of lightning and brief but torrential afternoon downpours. Summer days are hot, though rarely to the point of discomfort.
 
Mpumalanga Weather and Climate
Mpumalanga’s weather is naturally defined by it’s topography. Mpumalanga is a province of two halves, namely the high-lying grassland savannah of the highveld escarpment and the subtropical Lowveld plains. The western side of Mpumalanga, on the highveld escarpment, is like a rise of tropics, an ascent into an uncompromising range of temperatures. The west is drier, hotter and much colder than the rest of the Mpumalanga province.

Middelburg, in the heart of the highveld, experiences summer rain, and has a summer (October to February) to winter (April to August) range of around 19º C with average temperatures in the contrasting seasons, of 26º C and 8º C. Nelspruit, the capital city of Mpumalanga, lies at the edge of the Lowveld near the Kruger National Park, and enjoys relatively plentiful summer rainfall (an average of around 620 mm falls between September and March)and mild to hot subtropical conditions in the Kruger National Park.

If your trip covers the entire province, make sure you are prepared for the differences in temperatures from the Highveld to the Lowveld. Mosquitoes unfortunately also thrive in the climate of the lowlands. Please ask your pharmacist about the best anti-malaria prophylaxis. Visitors to the Mpumalanga Game Reserves should consult a local pharmacist or their family physician for advice on the best anti-malaria drug or drug combination they should take. or additional information see South Africa Malaria Risk Areas.
 
Limpopo Weather and Climate
Finding itself at South Africa’s northernmost area and bisected by the tropic of Capricorn, visitors to Limpopo can expect sunshine, long summer afternoons and dry days for most of their stay. Pietersburg, the capital city of Limpopo, lies more or less in the centre of the province and its weather is reflective of most of it. Only the region east of the city offers markedly different climate, with most the subtropical conditions of the Lowveld providing weather more suited to dense forests.

Polokwane offers an extremely pleasant climate for most of the year. With almost all year-round sunshine, it can get rather hot in the summer months (October to March) averaging 27ºC. The lowveld is less forgiving in the swelter of summer afternoons, with towns such as Phalaborwa known to reach 45ºC. Generally, however, visitors to the Kruger Park area can expect temperatures around 30ºC in summer.

Don’t be surprised to find late afternoon growing heavy with clouds and you can expect short thunderstorms. Winter is typical of the interior highveld plateau. A sunny season of chilly, early mornings, warm middays, dry afternoons and cool to cold nights. In general the weather of Limpopo will greet you with a hospitable display of sunshine and reserve
  
AVERAGE MONTHLY AND SEASONAL TEMPERATURES (°C) OF THE KRUGER NATIONAL PARK
 
South Africa Climate and Weather
South Africa Climate and Weather
 
‘Average temperature’ is the average of maximum and minimum temperatures.
 
To convert to °Farhenheit:
Multiply °C by 9, divide the answer by 5, and add 32.
E.g. 30°C = [(30x9)]/5 + 32 = 86°F
 
AVERAGE MONTHLY AND ANNUAL RAINFALL (mm) OF THE KRUGER NATIONAL PARK
 
South Africa Climate and Weather
 
To convert mm rainfall to inches:
Multiply mm by 0.04 = inches
Compiled by N Zambatis, Scientific Services, Kruger National Park (September 2006).

Sources:
Temperatures: WB42 Climate statistics of South Africa. 1961-1990. SA Weather Bureau (unpublished).
Rainfall: N Zambatis 2003. Determinants of grass production and composition in the Kruger National Park. MSc (Agric.)
dissertation, University of Natal, Pietermaritzburg.
  





 

 

 
 

 
 
 









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