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Endangered Wild Life in South Africa


cheetah 12 skin print pictures, backgrounds and imagescheetah 12 skin print pictures, backgrounds and images




"Our ancestors viewed the Earth as rich and bountiful, which it is. Many people in the past also saw nature as inexhaustibly sustainable, which we now know is the case only if we care for it. It is not difficult to forgive destruction in the past which resulted from ignorance. Today, however, we have access to more information, and it is essential that we re-examine ethically what we have inherited, what we are responsible for, and what we will pass on to coming generations. Our marvels of science and technology are matched if not outweighed by many current tragedies, including human starvation in some parts of the world, and the extinction of other life-forms. The exploration of space takes place at the same time as the Earth's own oceans, seas, and fresh water areas grow increasingly polluted. Many of the Earth's habitats, animals, plants, insects, and even micro-organisms that we know as rare may not be known at all by future generations. We have the capability, and the responsibility. We must act before it is too late."

South Africa’s Cape Floral Kingdom: Protecting Endangered Species, Improving Lives in one of the World’s Most Biodiverse Regions



ARKive species - Lanner falcon (Falco biarmicus)



THE BLACK RHINO

 

The black rhino weighs 800 - 1400 kg (1760 - 3080 lb). Its height varies from 1.3 - 1.8 m (4.3 - 5.9'). The black rhino has 2 horns.  Its skin is dark yellow-brown to dark brown or dark gray. The black rhino occurs in a wide variety of habitats, from desert areas in Namibia to wetter forested areas in the highlands of Kenya, to savannas and bushveld areas where the highest densities of black rhino occur. The black rhino is a browser. It prefers leaves, twigs and branches from small acacia’s and other woody shrubs and small trees as well as herbs and legumes. When the weather is hot, the black rhino drinks water daily and must be within walking distance of water. In cooler temperatures it can go without drinking water for up to 5 days if its food is moist. The black rhino’s eyesight is poor, but its hearing is good. Its sense of smell is well developed and is probably the most important of its senses. 

Although its belligerence has been exaggerated, the black rhino is unpredictable and can be a dangerous animal, sometimes charging a disturbing sound or smell. Black rhinos are predominantly solitary, the most commonly observed groups being lone males or adult females with young. Black rhinos that share a part or all or their range exhibit a familiarity with one another instead of the aggression that they exhibit to total strangers. Although at times several bulls may court a female simultaneously without apparent antagonism, serious fights and frequent deaths result from conflicts between males over estrous females. A premating bond develops between the bull and the cow, and the pair remain together during resting and feeding. They sleep in contact with each other.



The black rhino was formerly found in suitable habitat over most of Africa south of the Sahara, from southwestern Angola across the Cape Province up to East Africa and north, avoiding the Congo Basin and its rain forests, to Somalia and southwestern Ethiopia, then westward along a strip between the Sahara and the Congo and Nigerian forests to the region of Lake Chad. The black rhino population suffered an enormous reduction from a probable several hundred thousand at the start of the 20th century to less than 2,500 by the early 1990s. However, since 1995, black rhino numbers at a continental level have started increasing again. Hunting and clearance of land for settlement and agriculture were the major reasons for the decline of black rhino populations in the 20th century. The situation facing the black rhino is still critical. The demand for rhino horn from Asia (for traditional medicines) and from the Middle East (for dagger handles) persists, and the threat of a return to large-scale poaching is still present. 





The rhino is being hunted into extinction and could disappear forever unless we act now. Shocking new statistics show 440 rhinos were brutally killed last year in South Africa alone -- a massive increase on five years ago when just 13 had their horns hacked off. European nations could lead the world to a new plan to save these amazing creatures but they need to hear from us first!

Fueling this devastation is a huge spike in demand for rhino horns, used for bogus cancer cures, hangover remedies and good luck charms in China and Vietnam. Protests from South Africa have so far been ignored by the authorities, but Europe has the power to change this by calling for a ban on all rhino trade -- from anywhere, to anywhere -- when countries meet at the next crucial international wildlife trade summit in July.

The situation is so dire that the threat has even spread into British zoos who are on red-alert for rhino killing gangs! Let’s raise a giant outcry and urge Europe to push for new protections to save rhinos from extinction. When we reach 100,000 signers, our call will be delivered in Brussels, the decision-making heart of Europe, with a crash of cardboard rhinos. Every 50,000 signatures will add a rhino to the crash -- bringing the size of our movement right to the door of EU delegates as they decide their position. Sign the petition on the right then spread this campaign widely.

ENDANGERED SPECIES

1.
The giraffe is common in both eastern and southern Africa.

2.
The umbrella thorn is one of the most widespread trees in seasonally dry areas of Africa.

3.
The Dama gazelle inhabits all of the Sahara from east to west and the Sudan.

4.
The schimitar-horned oryx is confined to a narrow strip between Mauritania and the Red Sea.

5.
The cheetah was once found all over Africa, but it is now endangered in most of its former ranges.

6.
The spotted hyena was historically found throughout Africa, south of the Sahara Desert.

7.
The lion now survives in greatest number where humans are sparse.

8.
The demoiselle crane is found in north east Africa. The future for these birds is more secure than for many cranes, since they are so numerous and adaptable.

9.
The mandrill lives in parts of west Africa.Its habitat, tropical forests, are being destroyed at such a high rate.

10.
The potto is found in central and west Africa. The primary threat to the survival of the potto is habitat destruction.

11.
The chimpanzee is found in west and central Africa. The populations have been reduced and fragmented by human encroachment into their habitats.

12.
The bongo lives in parts of west Africa, Zaire, southern Sudan, Kenya, and the Congo. Habitat destruction, poaching and illegal trapping are leading to its endangerment.

13.
The gray parrot is one of the few parrots found in Africa.

14.
The gorilla lives in the mountain ranges between Rwanda, The Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Uganda where it is hunted by poachers for its meat and menaced by intense logging.

15.
The umbrella thorn is the dominant tree in many savanna communities and provides an important source of shade for both wild and domesticated animals.

16.
The leopard orchid is a species from South Africa. This orchid is named for the bold brown markings that spot the yellow blossoms.

17.

The African elephant’s natural habitat is forested savanna. Poaching for ivory is the primary cause of its endangered status.

18.
The false mufuti occurs in the north and east of Zimbabwe.

19.
The zebra is found in southeastern Africa. Zebras have been hunted both for their hides and for food.

20.
The southern ground hornbill can be found from South Africa to Kenya.

21.
The leopard’s habitat ranges across most of the African continent, with the exception of the Sahara Desert region.

22.
The sable antelope can be found in south eastern Kenya, Angola, and South Africa. Urgent action is needed to keep this animal off the extinction list.

23.
The king protea is the national flower of South Africa

24.
The southern double-collared sunbird lives in South Africa.

25.
The Erica junonia is blooming African plant.

26.
The bontebok is classified as vulnerable. It lives in the grasslands and coastal plains in the southwestern tip of South Africa.

27.
The cape scarab beetle can be found in South Africa.

28.
The cape mole rat is a subterranean rodent who is found in southern Africa.

29.
The geometric tortoise’s habitat is in Western Cape of South Africa.

 

 

African safari Pictures

 

The endangered wild dog in the kruger national park


 

The Wild Dog is one of Africa's most endangered mammal species and can be spotted at the award-winning Sabi Sabi private game lodge in the Kruger National Park. The main contributory factor to the decline in population numbers is persecution by humankind, until recently even within conservation areas. Other factors are diseases like rabies and distemper, where Wild Dogs are in contact with domestic animals. Genetic inbreeding may be the possible cause of the Kruger National Park Wild Dog's life expectancy of only six years On Kruger Park Safari's you should be lucky enough to spot these rare creatures. Males are slightly larger than females and weigh 20-30 kg as adults. Each individual has a blotchy yellow, black and white unique coat pattern, which makes it possible to identify every individual in a population with certainty. Wild Dogs prey mainly on small to medium sized animals, of which the Impala is the favourite prey. In East Africa, they stand recorded as having hunted prey as large as Wildebeest and Zebra. Wild Dogs hunt in packs, and all individuals collaborate in a team effort to chase and wear out pursued prey to exhaustion. Once brought to a standstill: the prey is killed by all the dogs tearing it apart at once - you could even be lucky enough to see this on your Kruger Park safari.









     

 

 

         


Endangered African Animals - Three Categories




 
 

 

         







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